Purchasing a home is likely the single largest investment you will make in your lifetime. So before you close, you need to know that no one else has a claim to the property.
A title company does all the research to insure that a property has clear title. Making sure that a property is clear of all legal encumbrances is the job of a title insurance company.
For a modest, one-time title insurance premium, you will receive continuous title insurance protection equal to the purchase price of the property or its current market value.
The title company performs an extensive search on the property's title history. The title insurance company can usually identify any title problems that may arise and have these problems cleared-up prior to closing.
Real Estate law is extraordinarily complicated. Title companies make sure that all the T's are crossed and all the I's are dotted so you don't end up with a clouded title and legal problems. Your title insurance owner's policy will describe the property and outline any recorded limitations on your ownership. It will also cover what the title company is responsible for. Typically your title insurance will protect you in the following cases:
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